When there is an excessive curve of the spine outward resulting in an abnormal rounding of the upper back, the spinal disorder is called Kyphosis. Sometimes called "roundback" and in severe cases as a "hunchback", the condition can occur at any age, though its incidence is more seen during the adolescence.
Usually kyphosis causes few issues and not require treatment. At times braces may be needed to be worn or do exercises to improve posture and strengthen the spine.
But if the condition worsen, kyphosis might get painful or lead to significant deformity of the spine – even lead to breathing problems.
The condition is frequent during adolescence—a period of rapid bone growth, though it can affect individuals of all ages.
Generally, the intensity of the curve that indicate how serious the condition is. While milder curve seldom cause mild back pain, more severe curves might cause significant deformity of the spine – this can even result in a visible hump on the back.
The most common types of kyphosis mostly affecting children and adolescents are:
- Postural kyphosis
- Scheuermann's kyphosis
- Congenital kyphosis
- Postural Kyphosis
The signs and symptoms can vary depending upon the severity and cause. These common ones include:
- Rounded shoulders
- A visible hump on the back
- Mild back pain
- Spine stiffness
- Tight hamstrings (the muscles in the back of the thigh)
Rarely, over time, progressive curves may lead to:
- Weakness, numbness, or tingling in the legs
- Elakkizhi (Patrapotala sweda)
- Podikkizhi (Choorna pinda sweda)
- Abhyanga (oil massage with specific herbal medicines)
Along with these, herbal medicines is very effective in providing tangible benefits in all these cases, rendering the patient symptom free.
It also helps in repealing the damage inflicted to the nerve and in further stopping the degeneration of the bones, nerves and cartilage involved.
Physical massages and specific exercises can help relieve the back pain and improve your posture by strengthening the muscles in the abdomen and back.
If kyphosis is diagnosed early, the majority of patients can be treated successfully without complications and go on to lead regular, healthy lives. But if left untreated the curve prtotrusion could potentially lead to problems during one’s adulthood.