As mentioned in the previous article, Ayurveda has listed five type of svasa roga or respiratory ailments. Out of them, ksudra svasa is the mildest and is curable mild asthma attack. Tamaka svasa is the next stage, which is harder to cure. The remaining three types – maha svasa, urdhva svasa, and chinna svasa – are more severe forms of obstructive pulmonary diseases and mostly incurable. These could be fatal.
Treatment of Asthma follows two main strategies, aimed at pacifying Vata and Kapha doshas. These include purification therapies (panchakarma) to eliminate the vitiated doshas, oleation and fomentation procedures with oil, laxative procedure and therapeutic vomiting procedure.If the symptoms are identified as at the early stage itself, the aggravation of doshas can be stopped and thus the manifestation of the disease arrested.
While an individual’s constitutional type must always be kept in mind when developing a treatment plan for any disease, asthma is nevertheless generally treated by. These different therapies need to be explained in detail for easy comprehension and to realise their effectiveness in countering Bronchial Asthma.
Different therapies for curing Asthma
Purification therapies or panchakarma is meant to eliminate the vitiated doshas. These herbal therapies will re-establish normal physiological functions of the body. In asthma, this is used to bring back the aggravated Vata and Kapha dosha to normal status.
Oleation therapy (snehana) is about both external and internal forms of oil treatment. Along with oleation therapy, the sweat (swedana) or fomentation therapy has to be taken up. Besides the general “steam box” treatment, pinda sweda or the procedure involving the placement of hot boluses of rice and special herbs wrapped in a cloth over certain points of the body is also advisable.
Laxative procedure or a one-time virechana therapy follows snehana and swedana therapies. Finally, vamana, or therapeutic vomiting therapy is another important therapy in curing respiratory distress. This is not advised for weaker, very elderly, acutely ill, or cardiac patients.