The liver is a key human body organ. First, it is the largest. Secondly, it has more functions than any other organ. It controls the metabolism of human body. The entire blood in a person’s body passes through it many times in a day.
It is a master of many tasks. It produces bile, which is essential for breaking down and digesting fatty acids. It produces prothrombin and fibrinogen, both blood-clotting factors, and heparin, a mucopolysaccharide sulfuric acid ester that helps to keep blood from clotting within the circulatory system.
The liver is the organ that converts sugar into glycogen, synthesises protein and cholesterol and converts carbohydrates and proteins into fats, produces urea, blood protein and many enzymes needed for digestion. The liver is where body stores elements like iron and copper and vitamins A, D, and B12. The liver is engaged in the detoxification of the body by transforming and removing toxins and wastes.
Diseases affecting liver
Fatigue, general weakness, digestive problems, blood sugar regulation disorders (such as hypoglycaemia), increased cholesterol, psoriasis, allergies and constipation are the general symptoms of liver not functioning to its potential. In a case of extreme instances of liver disorder, the patient gets jaundice, hepatitis and cirrhosis.
Hepatitis is basically inflammation of the liver caused by viral infection. It can be induced by drugs, viruses, bacteria, or parasites like amoebas or giardiasis. Depending on its nature and intensity, hepatitis virus is named as hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hepatitis D, and hepatitis E.
Hepatitis A and E are transmitted through food, Hepatitis B and C through direct contact with blood, serum, saliva, faeces, urine, and sexual contact and Hepatitis D only occurs in the presence of Hepatitis B virus. Hepatitis C is a truly serious disease with no known effective treatment.
Cirrhosis is a chronic, diffuse degenerative liver disease. It is a common cause of death in many of the world. Alcohol abuse is the most cited reason causing cirrhosis, as cells get damaged while metabolising alcohol. It is found that alcohol not only destroys cells but stops their regeneration. Severe cirrhosis leads to ammonia toxicity, hepatic coma, gastrointestinal haemorrhage, and kidney failure.
Ayurveda for Liver
Ayurveda uses many herbs like Bhringaraj (Eclipta Alba), Punarnava (Boerhavia diffuse) and Katuki (Picrorhiza kurroa) to control Hepatitis A virus. Ayurvedic medicines are found to have a significant impact in protecting from cirrhosis and cancer.
The liver can be protected by controlling the use of alcohol and caffeine. More green tea, exercise, less stress, and use the herbs like Phyllanthus Amarus, Phyllanthus Niruri, and Eclipta Alba can improve the health of the liver and in turn, the general wellness of the body.
Take very good care of your health. Give this hard-working and essential part of your body a rest and a tune-up, and you will be rewarded with better health, more energy and higher disease resistance.